Great Fires Of London & those who fought them

I’ve been crisscrossing the country so far this week so have got a little behind on my blog posts so please consider this an emergency posting!

I mentioned a few weeks ago that I was going to create a few Youtube videos on two channels broadly related to my blogs and tours and writing and so thought today was an opportunity to share one.

When I am out and about around London, I often come across various monuments that are related to fires in London.   Most people are aware of The Great Fire of London which though destroying much of the city, did at least allow the creation of one of the most beautiful buildings in the world, St. Pauls Cathedral.

However, there have been numerous Cathedrals and churches here that have been dedicated to St Pauls and they have all been destroyed or badly affected by fires.  In fact there have been at least a dozen terrible fires in London through the last 2,000 years and several Great Fires though only entitled The Great Fire of London.

The first terrible fire came about when Queen Boudicca rose up with one of the first appearances of ‘Girl Power’ and killed ever Roman she could get her hands on and burnt many cities down to the ground including London.  In fact such was the total destruction that archaeologists use the unmissable black carbon stain in the soil strata as a indisputable method of dating early London finds.

 

Boudicca.jpg

Queen Boudicca who burnt Londinium to the ground and killed thousands in her famous revolt against the tyrannical Roman overlords.

 

A number of other Great Fires happened in Roman, Anglo-Saxon, Norman and Medieval periods before of course the legendary Great Fire Of London which is commemorated by public works of art such as The Monument as well in the old nursery rhyme below.

London’s burning, London’s burning,

Fetch the engines, Fetch the engines,

Fire! Fire! Fire! Fire!

Pour on water, Pour on Water

London possessed advanced fire-fighting technology in the shape of what we know today as fire engines which had been used in earlier fires. However, unlike the useful firehooks, these large pumps had rarely proved flexible or functional enough to make much difference. Only some of them had wheels, others were mounted on wheelless sleds. They had to be brought a long way, tended to arrive too late, and, with spouts but no delivery hoses, had limited reach.

On this occasion an unknown number of fire engines were either wheeled or dragged through the streets, some from across the City. The piped water that they were designed for had already failed, but parts of the river bank could still be reached. As gangs of men tried desperately to manoeuvre the engines right up to the river to fill their reservoirs, several of the engines toppled into the Thames. The heat from the flames was by then too great for the remaining engines to get within a useful distance; they could not even get into Pudding Lane where the fire had started in a bakers shop.

Ironically parts of London were saved due to a firebreak that had been caused when a previous fire had destroyed a great number of buildings which had not yet been rebuilt.

 

Great-fire-of-London

London’s burning

 

The most recent Great Fire of London happened during the Blitz in WW2 when London was bombed for night after night for weeks on end.  Hitler deliberately targeted St. Pauls Cathedral as a symbol of London by using high explosive and incendiary bombs which created a terrible firestorm that devastated everything in the area, except the Cathedral itself.  It is more than a little ironic that St. Pauls survived the most determined effort to burn it down and yet several predecessors were burnt down by accident.

 

st-_pauls_cathedral_seen_through_smoke_of_london_fire-bombing_29th_december_1940.jpg

The most famous photo of St Pauls and London during The Blitz

 

Just across the road from the beautiful Cathedral is the National Firefighters Memorial, illustrating some of the heroic efforts and sacrifices that went into saving St Pauls and the rest of us in wartime and in peace.

 

IMG_0099.JPG

National Firefighters Memorial

 

So below is my little video about some of the memorials and history of the Great Fires Of London, I hope you like it!

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About Stephen Liddell

I am a writer and traveller with a penchant for history and getting off the beaten track. With several books to my name including a #1 seller, I also write environmental, travel and history articles for magazines as well as freelance work. Recently I've appeared on BBC Radio and Bloomberg TV and am waiting on the filming of a ghost story on British TV. I run my own private UK tours company (Ye Olde England Tours) with small, private and totally customisable guided tours run by myself!
This entry was posted in Architecture, Heritage, history, Life, London, Travel, Ye Olde England Tours and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

11 Responses to Great Fires Of London & those who fought them

  1. simonjkyte says:

    ‘burnt many cities down to the ground including London’
    camulodunum
    londinium
    verulamium
    (SO 3)

    Liked by 1 person

    • simonjkyte says:

      The interesting thing would be whether she also burned down smaller non-Roman settlements in the areas occupied by adjacent tribes – there is some anecdotal evidence of this in the Trinovantes area

      Liked by 1 person

      • Yes, the Trinovantes tribes were a little stuck between a rock and a hard place I imagine with the revolt on one side and the Romans on the other. I think they pretty much disappeared as a separate grouping after the revolt though I’m not sure if that is because of Boudicca or if the Romans just put all their efforts into subduing and incorporating them. It would be interesting to know though as that would help solidify her motivations. Was she just understandably wanting revenge against the Romans or had she set her sights even higher? I have also seen some reports that the Trinovantes tribes joined her revolt… no doubt at the point of a sword or because they thought they were onto a winner.

        Liked by 1 person

        • simonjkyte says:

          Yep, I have seen both interpretations too. But I suspect they had been somewhat weakened beforehand anyway. When you start to think about it ‘Roman Britain’ was one hell of a mess, basically one constant problem after another…

          Liked by 1 person

  2. Mel & Suan says:

    Fire fighters are under appreciated. All hail the fire fighting heroes!

    Liked by 2 people

  3. Graham says:

    I always feel that your posts deserve to be read by many people. Excellent.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. Boyer Writes says:

    Your brave firemen throughout history did so much to preserve what you have today…despite the efforts of the those without conscience, as Hitler and others. Somehow it seems that God gave strength to those brave firemen (and perhaps women) to show the world that His Church, St. Paul’s, would be a lasting monument. We here in the U.S. honor the firemen who died trying to rescue people from the burning twin towers at 9-11. Later many died from cancers relating to the toxic fumes in that fire. As people tried to escape from the burning buildings, the brave firefighter raced up the steps to try to save as many as possible…but lost their own lives as well. My husband and I plan to spend our anniversary this summer in N.Y to stand at the new that honors all who perished. We shall never forget…and lets hope our young generations, not yet born during 9-11 or the Blytz, will continue to remember just as you are doing on this blog post.
    Nancy at http://www. boyerwrites.com https://www.911memorial.org/memorial

    Like

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