The mysterious Lud Church and the Green Knight

Lud Church isn’t even a church at all but actually a hard to find crevice in the Staffordshire countryside on the south-west fringes of the Peak District.  A narrow canyon in the ground over over 100 metres (328.1 ft) long and 18 metres (59.1 ft) deep.  It’s a foreboding place and long has it been this way with its steep and jagged rock faces covered with moss and lichen, always much cooler than the open countryside and seemingly whatever the weather, always the sounds of dripping water can be heard.


The devilishly unnerving Lud’s Church looking unusually welcoming. Photo thanks to

The church does have an association with Christians when in the 15th century a group of reformers led by John Wycliffe met here in secret to escape persecution.  It’s history goes back much further than that however and originally, maybe as long ago as 10,000 years ago, it was thought to be the home of the Devil and even today it takes a strong soul to stay out after dusk.

Several famous figures have sought refuge in the church which is so hard to find that modern day hikers can often miss it entirely and more than one horse-rider has met their death by falling down from the earth’s surface above.

Entrance to Lud's Church

Entrance to Lud’s Chuch, Photo thanks to

Bonny Prince Charlie once hid here as did Robin Hood and Friar Tuck to name but a few.  Lud’s Church is famously thought to be the home of the the Green Chapel in one of the famous tales of King Arthur.

In the tale of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, the stranger challenges the men of King Arthur’s round table to take a swing at him with their axe, so long as one year later the Green Knight is allowed to return the favour.

Sir Gawain took up the challenge and decapitated the Green Knight with one blow.  To his surprise, the knight picked up his head before reminding him of his promise that next year, it would be his head that would be struck by an axe.   Sir Gawain spends a year overcoming challenges to his chivalry and his pride before facing the Green Knight and only suffering a minor wound.

There is great significance in the story as Green in medieval England has many traditional meanings including youth, life and virility.  Sometimes the Green Knight is depicted as being the Devil, and sometimes as God or a Holy Spirit.  Sir Gawain’s shield is portrayed with a pentacle on it, the famous sign of the Devil.

Many believe that the story is not just an example of King Arthur’s strongest knight displaying the good and points of humanity but a moral point of the greatest of men being overly prideful  and confident in their own abilities.

The Green Knight

Can you see the remains of the Green Knight in profile to the bright background?

About Stephen Liddell

I am a writer and traveller with a penchant for history and getting off the beaten track. With several books to my name including several #1 sellers. I also write environmental, travel and history articles for magazines as well as freelance work. I run my private tours company with one tour stated by the leading travel website as being with the #1 authentic London Experience. Recently I've appeared on BBC Radio and Bloomberg TV and am waiting on the filming of a ghost story on British TV. I run my own private UK tours company (Ye Olde England Tours) with small, private and totally customisable guided tours run by myself!
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8 Responses to The mysterious Lud Church and the Green Knight

  1. merrildsmith says:

    Fascinating, Stephen. The place looks quite beautiful rather than foreboding in these images. I wondered about the sound of dripping water and the moss–is there an underground spring or some other body of water nearby?
    Another medieval, or early Renaissance association with “green,”–green sickness, the illness associated with young maidens. You can imagine the “cure.”

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Thanks for posting all of this interesting stuff, I always learn something interesting.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Nice post. I enjoyed W. S. Merwin’s translation of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, but I didn’t know about Lud’s Church. Purgatory Chasm in Massachusetts is a similar place; there doesn’t seem to be a consensus on how it was formed.


  4. simonjkyte says:

    Was there last weekend – smashing place. Not really sure it fits the description in Gawain but it may do

    Liked by 1 person

  5. islandmoonrise says:

    Hi Stephen – like me you seem to have one of WordPress’s free sites where they mention there may be some advertising on it. I noted on yours advertisements plus pictures of for ‘Hot Russian Women’! I am now worried what exactly is appearing on mine 🙂 I was looking around for some interesting information on Lud’s Church (I don’t live far from it) Sorry to be the bearer of bad news. I may now consider paying after seeing this though – I think someone needs to have a word with WordPress about appropriateness. Like the look of the old England tours, so many wonderful quirky places to see. All best, JD.

    Liked by 1 person

  6. Pingback: Lud’s Church, Leek – The England Project

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